Institute Fellow, Urban Institute and Professorial Lecturer, Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration, George Washington University. Former Chief Evaluation Officer, U.S. Department of Labor; Senior Fellow, The Urban Institute; Principal Research Scientist/Research Professor, Institute for Policy Studies, Johns Hopkins University. Former positions with The Urban Institute: Affiliated Scholar, Labor and Social Policy Center; Principal Research Associate, Labor and Social Policy Center; Director, Welfare and Training Research Program, Human Resources Policy Center; Acting Director, Human Resources Policy Center; Senior Research Associate, Human Resources Policy Center; Research Associate I, Human Resources Policy Center. Former Research Analyst, Kappa Systems, Inc. Former positions with The Urban Institute: Research Associate I, Employment and Labor Policy Program; Research Associate II, Government Organization and Management Program. Positions with the Institutional Analysis Program, The Urban Institute: Research Associate II; Research Associate.